This Month in History

Each day witnesses something new which quietly slips into the folds of history with the setting Sun. If History was to open its chapters, each day would unfold a series of events that made it “The Day”.
This Month in History is a small section that takes us down the corridors of World History and recalls the events that took place world over in a span of a month. It covers birthdays, wars, inventions, discoveries, feats, education and art — all that can possibly come together under one roof and is spread over centuries.
This quick recap of historical events is a rendezvous with the past. So get set for a roller coaster ride down memory lane!


SEPTEMBER

September is the ninth month of the year with thirty days. In the Northern Hemisphere it is the seasonal equivalent of March in the Southern Hemisphere.

September 1

In 1897, the first underground metro was opened in Boston in North America.

In 1939, Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

In 1942, Indian National Army was founded by Rash Behari Bose.

In 1947, the Indian Standard Time (IST) was introduced as the official time for the whole country.

September 2

In 1969, the first ATM (automatic teller machine) was installed.

In 1970, Vivekanand Rock Memorial at Kanyakumari was inaugurated by President VV Giri.

Birth of actors Keanu Reeves (1964) and Salma Hayek (1966).

September 5

In 1888, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India’s second President was born. His birthday is celebrated as Teacher’s Day all across India.

In 1960, Muhammad Ali won the Olympic gold medal in boxing.

Death of Nobel Peace Prize winner Mother Teresa in 1997.

September 7

In 1822, Brazil declared Independence from Portugal.

In 1979, ESPN, the first all sports cable network made its debut.

In 1998, Google the search engine company was founded.

In 2005, first Presidential elections were held in Egypt.

September 8

Michelangelo unveiled his famous sculpture David in Florence in 1504.

In 1636, Harvard University was founded.

In 1962, the Chinese made their first incursion into Indian Territory.

In 1966, Star Trek aired its first episode.

September 11

In 1893, Swami Vivekananda delivered his first speech in the Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago. He is considered responsible for awakening Hinduism in India and introducing Hindu Philosophy and Yoga to the West.

In the year 1962, the Beatles recorded the song Love Me Do, their debut single.

In 2001, the 9/11 terrorist attacks at the World Trade Centre and Pentagon took place killing nearly 3,000 people.

In 1960, the first communications satellite, Echo I, was launched into space.

In 2005, Israel ended its military rule in the Gaza Strip after 38 years of occupation.

 September 15

In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming observed mould growing in his lab killing bacteria. This was later called penicillin.

In 1890, Agatha Christie the mystery writer was born.

In 1959, Doordarshan (DD) was launched in New Delhi.

Birth of Prince Harry of Wales in 1984.

September 16

In 1978, Muhammad Ali defeated Leon Spinks to lift the world heavyweight boxing title for the third time.

In 1908, the car company General Motors was founded.

September 17

In 1950, birth of the present Prime Minister of India, Sh Narendra Modi.

In 1915, famous painter M F Hussain was born.

September 18

In 1502, Christopher Columbus landed at Costa Rica on his final voyage.

In 1812, a huge fire in Moscow destroyed 90 per cent houses and over 1,000 churches.

The Nizam of Hyderabad’s Army surrendered to the Indian Army in 1948 and the state was annexed to India.

In 1971, the great cyclist Lance Armstrong was born and legendary footballer Ronaldo was also born on this date in 1976.

In 1986, the first all women’s crew flew a jet plane from Mumbai to Goa.

September 21

This date boasts of the birthdays of some great personalities including authors HG Wells (1866) and Stephen King (1947).

In 1949, Manipur was merged with the Indian Union.

Birth of actor Kareena Kapoor (1980).

September 22

In 1965, India and Pakistan declared a ceasefire after the second Indo-Pak war.

In 1980, Iran was invaded by Iraq.

In 1791, Birth of Scientist Michael Faraday.

September 26

In 1580, Sir Francis Drake completed the first circumnavigation of the globe.

In 1950, The UN takes Seoul from North Korea.

In 1849, Birth of Scientist Ivan Pavlov.

In 1888, Author T S Eliot was born.

In 1981, Tennis player Serena Williams was born.

Birthdays of actor Devanand (1923) and India’s 13th Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh (1932).

September 30

In 1993, a massive earthquake hit the Latur region in Maharashtra killing over 20,000 people.

In 1996, Tamil Nadu changed the name of its capital city from Madras to Chennai.

In 2004, the first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat were taken.

Great tennis player Martina Hingis was born on this date in the year 1980.

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