Each day witnesses something new which quietly slips into the folds of history with the setting Sun. If History was to open its chapters, each day would unfold a series of events that made it “The Day”.
This Month in History is a small section that takes us down the corridors of World History and recalls the events that took place world over in a span of a month. It covers birthdays, wars, inventions, discoveries, feats, education and art — all that can possibly come together under one roof and is spread over centuries.
This quick recap of historical events is a rendezvous with the past. So get set for a roller coaster ride down memory lane!
The sixth month of the year, June, is the second month in the year to have 30 days. It marks the summer solstice (the day with the most daylight hours) in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice (the day with the fewest daylight hours) in the Southern Hemisphere. In both cases, the polar regions are excluded.
In history, June has had a great run. Here are some of the events that occurred in June, through our Historical lens.
Birth of Marilyn Monroe, one of the most glamorous movie s.tars in Hollywood – 1926
Superman appeared for the first time in D.C. Comics – 1938.
East India Company dissolved – 1874.
Death of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, sixth President of India – 1996.
Queen Elizabeth II was formally crowned as The Queen of England – 1953.
The US Constitution granted women the Right to Vote – 1919.
Israel launches attack against Egypt and Syria starting the six day war in Middle East – 1967.
Indian Government sends army troops into the Golden Temple compound where they kill at least 500 Sikh rebels – 1984.
Dr Martin Luther King Jr delivers his last speech before being assassinated – 1968.
Donald Duck makes his first film appearance, in The Wise Little Hen, by Walt Disney – 1934.
Margaret Thatcher wins the British General Elections – 1983.
End of the Six Day War in the Middle East – 1967.
Declaring of H1N1 influenza strain, referred to as swine flu, as a global pandemic* by WHO – 2009.
Nelson Mandela, leader of African National Congress, jailed for life on charges of sabotage* – 1964.
Boris Yeltsin becomes the first popularly elected President of Russia – 1991.
Anne Frank turned 13 and started writing her diary that went on to become a popular piece of Literature – 1942.
Arrival of the gift of France to America, The Statue of Liberty, at New York City – 1885.
End of Civil Disobedience Movement – 1933.
Birth date of Indian Tennis Player, Leander Paes – 1973.
Tiger Woods wins the 100th US Open at Pebble Beach, California by an astounding 15 strokes – 2000.
The town of Lingauglossa in Italy is buried under one mile wide walls of lava from Mt Etna – 1923.
Martin Luther King Jr organises The Poor Peoples March in which 50,000 people participate – 1968.
Hot Line* established between US and Soviet Union – 1963.
Release of the blockbuster movie “Jaws” – 1975.
After a military coup*, General Parvez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan – 2001.
PV Narasimha Rao was sworn in as the ninth Prime Minister of India – 1991.
Release of JK Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix” – 2003.
Julia Gillard became the first female prime minister of Australia – 2010.
The Korean War starts as North Korea attacks South Korea – 1950.
The Beatles record “All You Need Is Love” in front of an International television audience – 1967.
In order to stop another World War from taking place, 50 nations sign the United Nations Charter – 1945.
Death of Michael Jackson, the King of Pop – 2009.
The world’s first recorded Ebola virus epidemic – 1967.
The Teen Murti Bhavan, official residence of the Prime Minister of India was turned into the Nehru Memorial Museum – 1964.
Treaty of Versailles signed between Germany and its allies, officially ending World War I – 1919.
Mike Tyson bites Evander Holyfield’s Ear – 1997.
During the Kargil War also known as Operation Vijay, Indian Army captures two vital posts, Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill – 1999.
JK Rowling’s first Harry Potter book “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” released in the UK – 1997.
India and Pakistan decided to stop the war at the Rann of Kutch and ceasefire was declared under UN Auspices – 1965.
Pandemic – a widespread disease prevalent over a whole country or the world.
Sabotage – to deliberately destroy, damage or obstruct something for political or military advantage.
Hot line – a point to point communication link in which a call is automatically directed to a selected destination, as soon as the instrument goes off hook.
Military coup – the sudden overthrow of a government by the armed forces.
The month of May is the fifth month of the year. Over the years, this month has seen events of great historical importance. Here’s glancing at history through the month of May…
Observed as May Day, it is also known as International Labour Day and was first observed in the United States of America in 1886 to commemorate the Haymarket affair in Chicago.
In 1707, on the same day Great Britain was formed as a Union between England and Scotland.
In 1960, an American U-2 spy plane flying at 60,000 feet was shot down in Central Russia heightening the Cold War tensions.
2004, saw eight former communist nations and two Mediterranean countries join the European Union marking its largest ever expansion.
In the year 1960 in India, the State of Maharashtra was formed.
In 2011, on this day U S Special Operations forces killed Osama Bin Laden during a raid on his secret compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
The day also marks the birthday of the great Indian director Satyajit Ray who was born in 1921.
The day marks the birthday of Italian writer and statesman Niccolo Machiavelli in 1469.
Raja Harishchandra, the first full length Indian feature film was released on this day in 1913.
The world’s largest pearl was discovered in the Philippines in 1934.
The Beatles released their last album “Long and Winding Road” in 1970.
Another great Indian writer, Rabindranath Tagore, was born in the month of May in 1861.
WHO announced the eradication of small pox worldwide in 1980.
The syrup for Coca Cola was invented by Atlanta Pharmacist John Styth Permerton in 1886.
Madhu Sapre, Miss India, was crowned the second runner up at the Miss Universe Beauty Pageant in 1992.
Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first black president in 1994.
In 1999 the Tamil Nadu Government withdrew the controversial Prevention of Terrorist Activities (POTA) Bill.
In 1916 on this very day Einstein presented his Theory of General Relativity.
In 1998 three underground nuclear tests took place at Pokhran Range in Rajasthan. The Trishul Missile was tested successfully.
Year 1878 – Vaseline Petroleum Jelly hit market stands.
Year 1992 – LTTE was banned in India.
The year 1804 marked Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of France.
The ten day Golden Temple siege at Amritsar ended with the surrender of 46 militant Sikhs in 1988.
Formation of American Red Cross in 1881.
Cargo transportation service was started between Calcutta and Bagdogra in 1927.
Release of the movie blockbuster Star Wars in 1978.
The year 1917 marked the arrest of Sagarmal Gopa, a freedom fighter, in Jaisalmer on this day.
Sir Edmund Hillary climbed the top of Mt Everest in 1953.
1987 – Goa became the 25th state of India.