Shimla, Oct. 16 Keekli Bureau

This Day in History

2003

Hungarian boxer László Papp—who was the first three-time Olympic boxing champion, winning gold medals in 1948, 1952, and 1956—died at age 77.

1968

During the awards ceremony for the 200-metre race at the Mexico City Olympics, American sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos gave a Black-power salute, for which they were later ordered to leave the Games.

1964

China, eager to join the nuclear race, successfully detonated its first atomic bomb.

1946

Ten of the 12 defendants sentenced to death at the Nürnberg trials, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Ernst Kaltenbrunner, were executed.

1888

American dramatist Eugene O’Neill, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936, was born.

1869

The Cardiff Giant was “discovered” in New York state; originally thought to be a petrified prehistoric man, it was later revealed to be a hoax.

1859

John Brown, a militant abolitionist, made his legendary raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry.

1847

English novelist Charlotte Brontë (under the pseudonym Currer Bell) published Jane Eyre, which became a classic noted for giving new truthfulness to the Victorian novel.

1846

William Thomas Green Morton first demonstrated the use of ether as a general anesthetic before a gathering of physicians at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

1813

Napoleon led his troops against an allied force of Austrian, Prussian, Russian, and Swedish troops during the Battle of Leipzig.

1758

American lexicographer Noah Webster, who was instrumental in giving American English a dignity and vitality of its own, was born.

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