June

The sixth month of the year, June, is the second month in the year to have 30 days. It marks the summer solstice (the day with the most daylight hours) in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice (the day with the fewest daylight hours) in the Southern Hemisphere. In both cases, the polar regions are excluded.

In history, June has had a great run. Here are some of the events that occurred in June, through our Historical lens.

June 1

Birth of Marilyn Monroe, one of the most glamorous movie s.tars in Hollywood – 1926

Superman appeared for the first time in D.C. Comics – 1938.

East India Company dissolved – 1874.

Death of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, sixth President of India – 1996.

June 2

Queen Elizabeth II was formally crowned as The Queen of England – 1953.

June 4

The US Constitution granted women the Right to Vote – 1919.

June 5

Israel launches attack against Egypt and Syria starting the six day war in Middle East – 1967.

June 6

Indian Government sends army troops into the Golden Temple compound where they kill at least 500 Sikh rebels – 1984.

June 8

Dr Martin Luther King Jr delivers his last speech before being assassinated – 1968.

June 9

Donald Duck makes his first film appearance, in The Wise Little Hen, by Walt Disney – 1934.

Margaret Thatcher wins the British General Elections – 1983.

June 10

End of the Six Day War in the Middle East – 1967.

June 11

Declaring of H1N1 influenza strain, referred to as swine flu, as a global pandemic* by WHO – 2009. 

June 12

Nelson Mandela, leader of African National Congress, jailed for life on charges of sabotage* 1964.

June 13

Boris Yeltsin becomes the first popularly elected President of Russia – 1991. 

June 14

Anne Frank turned 13 and started writing her diary that went on to become a popular piece of Literature – 1942.

June 17

Arrival of the gift of France to America, The Statue of Liberty, at New York City – 1885.

End of Civil Disobedience Movement – 1933.

Birth date of Indian Tennis Player, Leander Paes – 1973.

June 18

Tiger Woods wins the 100th US Open at Pebble Beach, California by an astounding 15 strokes – 2000.

The town of Lingauglossa in Italy is buried under one mile wide walls of lava from Mt Etna – 1923.

Martin Luther King Jr organises The Poor Peoples March in which 50,000 people participate – 1968.

June 20

Hot Line* established between US and Soviet Union – 1963.

Release of the blockbuster movie “Jaws” – 1975.

June 21

After a military coup*, General Parvez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan – 2001.

PV Narasimha Rao was sworn in as the ninth Prime Minister of India – 1991.

Release of JK Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix” – 2003.

June 24

Julia Gillard became the first female prime minister of Australia – 2010.

June 25

The Korean War starts as North Korea attacks South Korea – 1950.

The Beatles record “All You Need Is Love” in front of an International television audience – 1967.

June 26

In order to stop another World War from taking place, 50 nations sign the United Nations Charter – 1945.

Death of Michael Jackson, the King of Pop – 2009.

June 27

The world’s first recorded Ebola virus epidemic – 1967.

The Teen Murti Bhavan, official residence of the Prime Minister of India was turned into the Nehru Memorial Museum – 1964.

June 28

Treaty of Versailles signed between Germany and its allies, officially ending World War I – 1919.

Mike Tyson bites Evander Holyfield’s Ear – 1997.

June 29

During the Kargil War also known as Operation Vijay, Indian Army captures two vital posts, Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill – 1999.

June 30

JK Rowling’s first Harry Potter book “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” released in the UK – 1997.

India and Pakistan decided to stop the war at the Rann of Kutch and ceasefire was declared under UN Auspices – 1965.

Glossary

Pandemic – a widespread disease prevalent over a whole country or the world.

Sabotage – to deliberately destroy, damage or obstruct something for political or military advantage.

Hot line – a point to point communication link in which a call is automatically directed to a selected destination, as soon as the instrument goes off hook.

Military coup – the sudden overthrow of a government by the armed forces.

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